If you have any specific breastfeeding and birth control questions, feel free to ask them below…
There are a few options when it comes to breast feeding and birth control.
Birth Control while Nursing ~ Method 1
Natural birth control while breastfeeding.
Lactational amenorrhea breast feeding birth control method. Also called the breastfeeding birth control method. The hormone prolactin that is released during breastfeeding
suppresses the return of fertility. If a mother is breastfeeding exclusively
(no supplementary juices or water and no pacifier use) and her baby is under
6 months old and she has not yet started her period, she is 98%
protected against getting pregnant. As soon as her baby starts eating or
drinking anything other than her milk, the chances of falling
pregnant are increased. With this “breastfeeding as birth control” method, her baby should
also not go longer than four hours during the day and six at night
without breastfeeding. If he/she breastfeeds less than this, the mother may start
her period sooner, which means that she is able to conceive again. Some lucky ladies go for two years without getting their periods again. Read more about breastfeeding and how to keep your period away, longer.
Natural family planning. "rhythm method" Abstaining from sexual intercourse during a woman’s fertile period every
month. This is done by using body temperature and vaginal mucus to
identify the time of ovulation.
Birth Control Breastfeeding ~ Method 2
Non hormonal methods.
The use of condoms, which are very reliable.
Diaphragms used with a spermicide are very effective. Make sure
the diaphragm is refitted after your uterus has returned to its
pre-pregnancy size. Spermicides are perfectly safe to use during
breastfeeding and cannot pass into the breast milk.
Mirena breastfeeding: IUDs are effective and can be inserted 6 weeks after the birth. Mirena, being a hormonal form of birth control may contribute to
mood swings during breastfeeding (see below). You will want to
research the mirena
IUD side effects, as well as the side effects of any other
form of birth control before you begin using it.
Vasectomy or tubal ligation (only considered if you wish to have no more children)
Sponges and cervical caps.
Birth Control Breast Feeding ~ Method 3
Hormonal methods are generally advised against, but if you have to…
Progestin only methods: Norplant, mini pills or injectables. (small amounts have been found to pass into the breast milk, but with no adverse effects.) Should only be used after breastfeeding is fully established, but is the safest hormonal method for mothers who are breastfeeding.
Estrogen methods: Oral contraceptives, vaginal ring and patch. These have been found to decrease a mother’s breast milk supply and should not be used if you already have a low breast milk volume. This has been found to pass into the breast milk, but also in small amounts with no adverse effects. (Not really recommended for breastfeeding mothers)
The morning after pill while breastfeeding: A breastfeeding mother should preferably take a progestin only morning after pill. This can decrease milk supply for a few days after use. This type of contraceptive should also only be taken in emergencies, whether you are breastfeeding or not.