Thrush or Candidiasis is a yeast infection. The infection is caused by Candida albicans, which is an organism. This organism is naturally found in the urinary tract, the gut and even on the skin. In some situations, this organism may overgrow, causing thrush symptoms to appear.
A breastfeeding thrush / yeast infection may appear
* On the skin of the mother's breasts.
* Inside the breast ducts.
* Inside the baby’s mouth.
* On the baby’s bottom, in the form of a diaper rash.
Is thrush contagious?
Yes, yeast infection is contagious. Mom may also be suffering from a vaginal yeast infection. (Dad and baby may have a yeast infection without any visible symptoms) It is important that all three get treated for thrush, so that they do not keep re-infecting each other.
that have been touched, such as artificial nipples, pacifiers or
anything else that your baby has had in the mouth or mom has had near her breasts or vagina, needs to be sterilized, to kill the yeast and prevent re-infection.
Symptoms of Thrush
• A sudden onset of symptoms immediately after breastfeeding, without problems before.
• A deep burning pain inside the breast and/or on the skin of the breast.
• Pain during a breastfeeding session, which does not subside while your baby is breastfeeding; even if the latch and positioning are fine.
• Itching on the nipple, areolae and skin of the breast.
• Pink or red colour to the nipples and/or areolae.
• There might be a slight shine to the nipples and areolae.
• The skin on the breasts, nipples and areolae may seem flaky.
• There may be white spots on the nipples or inside your baby’s mouth.
• A shooting pain inside the breast during or after feedings.
• Cracked nipples that are struggling to heal.
• Aching feeling in the shoulders or shooting pain in the upper back.
• A vaginal yeast infection; vaginal thrush symptoms include itching, discharge and strange odor.
• Thrush in infants may cause excessive fussiness and breast refusal.
What Causes Thrush?
What increases your risk of getting thrush?
• Antibiotics are one of the leading causes of thrush in mothers who have had a c-section or women who were given antibiotics in labor; to combat group B streptococcus. These antibiotics kill both the good and bad bacteria, which causes a yeast overgrowth.
• Moms who have a history of vaginal yeast infections, may be at higher risk of yeast infections while breastfeeding.
• Moms, who have diabetes, are at higher risk of yeast infections in general.
• A mother should keep her nipples dry. Wearing wet clothing or damp nursing pads for long periods of time can increase risk of thrush.
• The use of pacifiers can increase the risk of thrush.
• Douching or the use of antibacterial soaps can increase thrush risk, because it interferes with the body’s natural flora.
• A mother who is sick with the flu, or who has any impaired immune function ( Infection or Anemia ) may be at increased risk of thrush.
• A mom who is malnourished, especially who is deficient in vitamin A, B, C and K, Iron and Folic acid.
• Moms who consume large amounts of dairy, sugar and/or artificial sweeteners are also more prone to yeast infections.
• The use of the pill (oral contraceptives) that contain Estrogen, can increase risk.
• The use of Corticosteroids, such as those used for asthma, will also increase the risk of thrush.
Medication for Thrush Treatment & Home Remedies for Thrush
• A doctor can prescribe oral and/or topical antifungals. Mom and Baby should be treated together. Baby’s bottom should also be treated. Some drugs often given include: Lotrimin, Mycelex, Diflucan, Nizoral and Monistat.
• A reliable home remedy for thrush is Gentian violet (0.5% solution), which can be found as an over-the-counter antifungal. It can be applied inside the baby’s mouth as well as on the breasts. Gentian violet for thrush can cause the skin to redden and peel, this is normal. Mom should use old clothing, as the Gentian Violet can make bad stains.
• Eat plenty of plain yogurts that contain added live cultures. The yogurt can also be smeared on the infected areas. Use natural, organic, plain yogurt when treating thrush.
• Mom can take acidophilus supplements. Should contain 40 million viable units, in each supplement; taken during the infection, and for two weeks afterwards.
• Grapefruit seed extract can be taken three times per day. 250mg tablets.
• Thrush symptoms often get worse with treatment, before they improve.
• A mother should continue to breastfeed while she and/or her baby have thrush.
• Mom and Baby’s hands should be washed more regularly during an infection.
• Any pacifiers, feeding equipment and clothing used during this time, should be boiled for 20 minutes to kill the yeast. This should be done daily. The clothing should be washed separately with 20 drops of grapefruit seed extract added to the rinse cycle.
• Replace wet breast pads as soon as they get damp.
• Mom should keep her breast dry. Air-dry the breasts after a breastfeeding session.
• She should avoid eating anything containing sugar, yeast, fungus or dairy. Yeast thrives on these foods.