Galactosemia is an inherited disorder of the metabolism. This disorder
occurs in about 1 in every 70 000 babies. Both Mom and Dad must have a
galactosemia trait for the baby to develop the disease. The mother and father do not
need to have any symptoms themselves.
What is Galactosemia?
It is essentially the lack of a specific enzyme in the liver that breaks down galactose into glucose. When anything containing galactose is consumed, the liver becomes weakened. Some infants may inherit a gene that allows for some galactose metabolism.
(these symptoms usually occur three days after birth)
• Vomiting. • Poor weight gain. • Feeding issues. • Jaundice. • Enlargement of the liver and spleen. • Bleeding. • Cataracts. • Convulsions. • Liver failure and mental retardation. • More susceptible to E-coli infections. • May lead to fatal liver disease without treatment.
If the baby is tested, and the tests come back positive, the mother should pump and store her breast milk until a second test can confirm the diagnosis, just as a precaution.
If the second test confirms the condition, the mother will not be able to breastfeed her baby. The baby will then need to be fed lactose-free formula.
The mother can then decide if she would like to continue to pump and donate her breast milk or stop lactating altogether. Donating breast milk will help the mother ease into the weaning process and will benefit other babies in need.
If treatment is done quickly, a baby with galactosemia can live a normal life, although some complications may occur, including:
• Cataracts. • Learning disabilities and speech disorders. • Neurological impairment. • Ovarian failure. (very common in women with this disorder)
The Impact on Breastfeeding
If the baby has “classic galactosemia," in which the baby has no galactose-metabolizing enzymes, the baby will need to be weaned abruptly, and then fed
a lactose-free formula.
Duarte G babies are treated just like classic until age 2. Then, depending on the values, some restrict, and some do not. Most follow the No Cold Dairy Diet, which consists of only food with cooked dairy. When food with dairy is cooked to 165 degrees the whey is broken down enough for DG patients. www.galactosemiaresource.com has all the newest research.
Can a woman with galactosemia breastfeed her child, if her child DOES NOT have the disorder?