When you experience a premature birth, you are thrown into a situation where
your baby might be sent into intensive care and might even be hooked up
to breathing tubes.
Mothers are often released from hospital before
their babies are ready to go home with them. This can be a very traumatic
time, specially if the hospital is not near their home. So now maybe you
are asking yourself whether you can still breastfeed your baby.
Yes, you can still breastfeed your baby.
Advantages of Breastfeeding Preemies
Breast milk contains all the important antibodies that a premature baby would need to resist infection.
Studies have even shown that breastfeeding a premature baby can improve his/her neurological development.
Breast milk is also much easier than formula for a premature baby to digest. Read more about gut protection in the breastfed baby.
Your body will automatically produce milk that's specifically designed to nourish your premature baby, with added calories, vitamins, and protein for premature baby development.
Breast milk also contains proteins that promote growth.
The milk that has been pumped, can be given to your baby via a gavage tube. (Tube that is put directly into a baby’s tummy).
After 32 weeks, your baby can be cup fed, to get ready for breastfeeding.
You will need to start expressing your milk the day after your baby’s birth.
You will have to use a good hospital grade pump. You'll also ultimately want to rent one to use for the first few weeks at home, until you're certain that your baby is feeding well at your breast.
You should try to express at least 8 times, every 24 hours and each time for as long as it takes to drain each breast.
If a mother is capable of expressing 800ml of milk per day, she can start expressing less (about 6 times a day).
Expressing should continue until the baby has a good strong suck, otherwise your breasts will not be stimulated enough to enable a "let down" of milk.
A daily weight gain of 25g is good. A breast milk fortifier should be added to the expressed breast milk of a low birth-weight infant. It will provide extra calories, calcium and phosphorous.
Breastfeeding preemies usually feed well in the football hold position; tucked under your arm with his/her body supported by a pillow.
The hospital should make provision for refrigeration of the milk until needed. Label the expressed milk with your baby's information and date/time of expression. Fresh milk can be stored for 6 hours in room
temperature, 3-4 days in the refrigerator and two weeks frozen.
Defrost the frozen milk under warm water, not hot water.
Do not microwave breast milk to heat or thaw it, it will destroy some of its benefits.
Other Breastfeeding problems in Connection with Premature Birth
Sucking and swallowing problems: Most premature infants experience sucking difficulties. During tube feeding, the baby’s lips should touch the nipple. Training a baby to latch takes time, but the smell and taste of the breast milk and the contact between mother and baby will help increase milk production. The mother will need to pump after feedings, to maintain milk production.
The baby wears only a nappy and a hat, he/she is placed against the mother's skin, so that her baby can breastfeed anytime he/she wants to.
A baby cared for in this way will maintain body temperature.
Babies cared for in this way will also cry less and sleep more.
This method has also been found to increase the mother's breast milk supply by 50%.
Daddies can also use this method to encourage bonding.
Signs that Preemie Babies are Ready to Breastfeed
Your baby will start to turn his/her head when you touch their mouth or cheek, and will open his/her mouth.
Your baby has the ability to latch on to a normal bottle and suck.
Your baby is more awake during feedings.
Your baby seems comfortable during feedings.
It can be helpful to stay in contact with other parents of premature children. Surround yourself with those who have experienced the same breastfeeding issues in connection with breastfeeding preemies.