Milk let-down is a normal process, but sometimes it can cause a few breastfeeding problems when the flow of milk becomes too forceful or too slow.
Most mothers experience a weird pins-and-needles feeling in their breasts when let-down occurs. Other mothers say that it is quite painful! There are also those who say they do not feel a let-down reflex at all.
What you need to remember, is that your body is still getting accustomed to the needs of your baby and things should start improving within a few days; then your baby should also start drinking more aggressively, which will help to normalize the milk flow.
Below is an illustration of let-down reflex and what happens.
The let-down reflex
Overactive Let-down and Breastfeeding
Is your milk flow too fast? What is a forceful let-down?
It is when a mother’s milk is spraying out of the nipple too quickly, often causing her baby to become fussy or to choke at the breast.
let-down will most certainly have reduced before the baby turns six months, but most of the time it will have decreased by six weeks, when a mother's body has adjusted to the volume of milk needed.
If an oversupply of milk is causing your forceful let-down, you can
start by giving your baby only one breast at a time (change breasts only
every four hours).
If you start to feel discomfort in the full breast, you
can express a little milk for comfort. This will also prevent hindmilk-foremilk imbalance and decrease fussiness and colic symptoms.
If you start to feel a let-down, you can gently remove your baby from the breast and allow some of the milk to flow out into a cup or cloth, until
the flow subsides, then put your baby back on the breast.
Try not to press on your breast with your fingers while
breastfeeding, as any pressure or massage can increase the flow of milk
and cause a let-down. Do not try to stop the flow with pressure as this
could cause a blockage.
Make sure your nipple is facing the
roof of your baby’s mouth, instead of the back of his/her throat. This prevents choking.
Lie down while breastfeeding for the
first few minutes. This will help because it allows any extra milk to flow
out of the baby’s mouth.
Keep yourself reclined at an angle with your baby lying on his/her tummy, as
shown in the illustration. This uses gravity to your advantage, as milk
is not forced down your baby’s throat.
Another helpful breastfeeding
position: Allow your baby to straddle your leg and sit him/her upright while breastfeeding, hold his/her back and neck for support.
burp your baby
often, because your baby might be swallowing air, which will make him/her even more uncomfortable.
Do not introduce a bottle before six weeks unless you decide to pump exclusively; your baby
might prefer the flow of the bottle and then refuse to breastfeed
Under Active Let-Down Breastfeeding
Is your milk flow too slow? Do you feel like you have no let-down reflex?
A Slow Let-Down Reflex
Sometimes your baby might become frustrated because the milk is not being pushed out
This will cause a baby to fuss and a mother to stress, and anxiety will decrease milk flow even further.