Sometimes when a baby starts to drink more than usual and becomes fussy
at the breast, the mother might think that her milk supply has gone down. Usually, it has nothing to do with her supply. Many things can cause fussing at the breast.
Supply and Demand
From day nine after birth and onward, your milk supply is controlled by "supply and demand"; this means that the amount of milk created is dependent on the amount of milk removed. In other words, the more you breastfeed your baby and express milk (remove milk from the breast), the more milk you are going to produce. The first few weeks of milk removal are critical and determine how much milk can be produced later on. So an early, good start to breastfeeding is therefore very important.
This page will discuss reasons for low milk supply and things you can do while breastfeeding, that will increase your milk supply. But firstly, let's pinpoint some of the main reasons for low milk production.
If your baby is not latching on properly, you will not receive
enough breast stimulation, which is necessary for optimum milk production. For a
more detailed explanation on this, visit the latching on page.
When Moms receive intravenous fluid by constant drip; this can lead to edema (swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities) and this can set back the onset of milk production.
Breast surgery: namely breast reduction, breast augmentation and breast reconstruction.
Anemia (a deficiency of red blood cells) in the mother.
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (ovaries containing many cysts/sores/ulcers/growths) can also create low supply. Read more about PCOS and what you can do, if it is affecting your milk supply.
Sheehan’s Syndrome: When the pituitary gland (master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain) is temporarily starved of
blood, due to hemorrhaging during birth and, as a result, no longer
produces enough hormones for lactation.
If a mother's milk has not "come in" and she continues to experience
abnormal bleeding after delivery, she may still be retaining pieces of
the placenta within her uterus; this is also possible with a C-section.
Some women are not capable of breastfeeding, due to preconceived
ideas about it, or ideas placed in their minds by their parents and
friends. Women who have been molested as children might also struggle with the idea of breastfeeding.
Hypothyroidism aka low thyroid hormone can be corrected with medication and is another possible cause of low milk supply.
Warm compresses to the breast may help increase the flow of milk.
Many mothers have found that relaxation and visualization techniques
help. There are audios that mothers can listen to that are specially made
to help them relax and visualize milk removal.
Oatmeal has been proven to increase a woman's milk supply. The added iron in your diet will help increase milk production.
Mothers Milk Tea
is a drink for mothers with low milk supply. It usually contains sweet
fennel seed, anise seed, coriander seed, spearmint leaf, lemongrass
leaf, lemon verbena leaf, althea root, blessed thistle herb and
Fenugreek supplement or Fenugreek seeds: This is one of the most fabulous milk stimulating herbs and can start increasing your milk supply within 24 hours. (Not for you if you have any nut allergies) Read more about breastfeeding and fenugreek here.
Drink plenty of water and juices, as fluids are vital for your body's milk production.
To maximize milk production, you can use breast massage. This will increase breast drainage so that the signal to the breast to make more milk, is improved. An easy and efficient way to maximize removal of milk is to massage the breasts before and during feeding or by pumping.
Breast compression: While the baby is drinking, compress the breast gently but firmly - not too hard; do not hurt yourself!
Seaweed: Koreans traditionally use seaweed soup as a remedy/tonic for new mothers, to help stimulate milk production. The seaweed wraps that are used to make Sushi are just as potent.
Quinoa: This grain has been used by traditional societies during lactation and is said to boost milk production.
A lot of skin-to-skin contact, enjoying your baby's sweet face and the feel of his/her skin, will help your milk flow and will help you both relax.
Make sure that most of the milk is removed from your breasts after each feeding. If there is milk left in the breasts, it tells the body that it does not need to make as much and, therefore, leads to low milk supply.
Try nipple stimulation. Nipple stimulation releases oxytocin, the hormone responsible for the milk ejection reflex, into the bloodstream.
Domperidone and Reglan. Reglan can produce side effects such as depression, so always check with your "breastfeeding friendly" doctor.
Does Breast Size Matter?
No! I have seen mothers with small breasts, produce large amounts of milk. Breast size mainly determines the storage capacity, not milk production.
Women with large breasts
usually produce milk at slower rates, since they can store a lot of milk, while
women with small breasts will produce milk at faster speeds to
meet the requirements of their babies, who will drain the breasts quicker.
Why are my Breasts Soft?
During the first few weeks, you would have noticed that your breasts were hard and firm, especially before a feeding. By the six week mark, you should start to notice that your breasts feel less full.
Leakage will usually also subside. This happens because supply and demand have been balanced and your body now knows exactly how much milk to produce for your baby. This means that excess milk and fluids are at a minimum and that breastfeeding is most likely running smoothly.
You might also notice that milk "let downs" become less sporadic and occur mostly during feedings, not while doing your grocery shopping ;-)
So what if your breasts never felt full or hard? This is okay too; some ladies have more "packing space" in their breasts. If your baby is gaining weight, is happy and thriving, chances are you are producing enough milk.
Pumping to Increase Milk Supply
Use an electric pump, instead of a hand pump. Hand pumps are helpful for occasional pumping, but a lot of mothers find it to be arduous and time-consuming if used more than once a day. Use a hospital-grade pump; they work better. Also, buy a hands-free setup for your pump to make things easier for yourself.
Using hand massage and hand compression while pumping, will increase milk volume; it also drains the breast better and faster.
Try to pump every two hours around the clock, for a few days to boost supply.
Bottle feeding can be detrimental in the early days of a nursing relationship. By owning your own supplemental feeding device, you can manage how your baby is supplemented after birth.
The most common devices deliver the supplement to the baby via a small, flexible tube that is taped or placed on the mother’s nipple. The baby takes both the tube and the mother’s nipple into the mouth and receives the supplement while nursing at the breast. Read more about this here.
If, despite your hardest efforts you are not able to make a full milk supply, you can still breastfeed! Many mothers breastfeed with partial milk supplies. They supplement to make up for whatever they cannot provide. Every drop of breast milk is beneficial to your baby! That is why it is referred to as liquid gold!
Sometimes with all these measures taken above, you may still have a
low milk supply. Depression, anger and denial are all common reactions
to what may come as a blow to the new mother. A lactation specialist or
postpartum counselor may be able to help you work through your frustration and depression.