Low milk supply is sometimes a breastfeeding problem that many Moms think they have when they do not!
"Assumed" low milk supply is a common breastfeeding problem.
Moms sometimes use the wrong signs to judge milk supply. Here are some tips on how to determine whether you have low supply:
* Weight gain. If your baby is gaining well on your breast milk alone, then Baby is getting enough milk.
* Is your baby having plenty of wet “urine” nappies?
It is normal for a newborn baby to first lose weight before gaining. It is likely that your baby will regain birth weight by about two weeks.
Sometimes when a baby starts to drink more than usual and becomes fussy at the breast, Mom might think that her milk supply has gone down. Usually it has nothing to do with her supply and all to do with a growth spurt; read more on this here.
This page will discuss reasons for low milk supply and things you can do while breastfeeding that will increase your milk supply. But firstly, I will pinpoint some of the main reasons for low milk production...
* The most common reason is stress. So try to relax and do things that you know will relax you. Do not stop doing the things that you love. Take a long bubble bath and pamper myself.
* If your baby is not latching on properly, you will not receive enough breast stimulation which is necessary for optimum milk production.
For a more detailed explanation on this, visit the latching on page.
* Breast and nipple shapes can also influence whether or not your baby latches successfully.
* Overuse of a pacifier.
* Use of a nipple shield. Using a nipple shield decreases the amount of stimulation to the breast.
* Another major reason why most women are not producing enough milk, is because they do not have their babies at the breast long enough or frequently enough.
The good news is that your milk supply should increase as time goes by. If you need to get back to work you can still continue to breastfeed.
Read more on working and breastfeeding here.
* Insulin dependent diabetes.
* It is assumed that about 1% of women have physiological trouble - usually related to their metabolism - which prevents them from producing enough milk to feed their babies.
* Obesity is a risk factor for the delayed onset of milk production and low milk supply.
* When Moms receive intravenous fluid by constant drip, this can lead to edema (swelling from excessive accumulation of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or serous cavities) and this can set back the onset of milk production.
* Breastfeeding problems that a baby might have, namely: Conditions in the mouth and sucking problems, food sensitivities or allergies, being premature (born before the development of the suck/swallow/breathe reflex).
* Supply-reducing foods and herbs such as large amounts of mint teas and candies, parsley and sage, herbs and sour foods, may reduce milk supply.
* Hormonal changes. Sometimes when a woman starts menstruating or falls pregnant her supply will decrease.
* Taking oral contraceptive pills containing oestrogen (a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics) can lower your milk supply.
* Smoking can lower your milk supply.
Other things that can cause low milk supply, but that are rare...
* Inadequate breast tissue. Breastfeeding with tubular hypoplastic breasts.
* Breast surgery: namely breast reduction, breast augmentation and breast reconstruction.
* Anaemia (a deficiency of red blood cells) in the Mom.
* Polycystic ovarian syndrome (ovaries containing many cysts/sores/ulcers/growths) can also create low supply.
Read more on PCOS and what you can do if it is affecting your breastfeeding.
* Sheehan’s Syndrome: When the pituitary gland (master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain) is temporarily starved of blood due to haemorrhaging (bleeding) during birth and, as a result, no longer produces enough hormones for lactation.
* Retained placenta: If a mother's milk has not "come in" and she continues to experience abnormal bleeding after delivery, she may still be retaining pieces of the placenta within her uterus. (This is also possible with a C-section).
* Psychological issues: Some women are not capable of breastfeeding because of preconceived ideas about it, or ideas placed in their minds by their parents and friends
* Hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone): This can be corrected with medication and is another possible cause of low milk supply.
* Milk thistle, Blessed thistle, Fennel seed, Alfalfa and Anise seed are sometimes prescribed to increase breast milk
* More frequent feedings at the breast and the use of a pump in-between feedings.
* Warm compresses to the breast may help in milk let down.
* Many mothers have found that relaxation and visualization techniques help. There are tapes that mothers can listen to that are specially made to help them relax and visualize milk removal.
* Oatmeal has been proven to increase a woman's milk supply. The added iron in your diet will help increase milk production.
* Mothers Milk Tea is a drink for mothers with low milk supply. It usually contains sweet fennel seed, anise seed, coriander seed, spearmint leaf, lemongrass leaf, lemon verbena leaf, althea root, blessed thistle herb and fenugreek seed.
* Fenugreek supplement or Fenugreek seeds: This is one of the greatest milk stimulating herbs and can start increasing your milk supply within 24 hours. (Not for you if you have any nut allergies)
* Drink plenty of water and juices as fluids are vital for your body's milk production.
* Breastfeeding requires at least an extra 500 calories per day.
Read more about breastfeeding diet guidelines.
* To maximize milk production, you can use breast massage. This will increase breast drainage so that the signal to the breast to make more milk is improved. An easy and efficient way to maximize removal of milk is to massage the breasts before and during feeding or by pumping.
* Breast compression: While Baby is drinking, compress the breast gently but firmly - not too hard; do not hurt yourself!
* Seaweed: Koreans traditionally use seaweed soup as a remedy/tonic for new moms to help stimulate milk production. The seaweed wraps that are used to make Sushi are just as potent.
* Quinoa: This grain has been used by traditional societies during lactation and is said to boost milk production.
* While you are feeding, stroke and calm your baby, using a lot of skin-to-skin contact; enjoy your baby's sweet face and the feel of his/her skin. This will help your milk ejection reflex and help you to relax.
* Make sure that most of the milk is removed from your breasts after each feeding. If there is milk left in the breasts, it tells the body that it does not need to make as much and therefore leads to low milk supply.
* Try nipple stimulation. Nipple stimulation releases oxytocin, the hormone responsible for the milk ejection reflex, into the bloodstream.
Domperidone and Reglan. Reglan can produce side effects such as depression, so always check with your doctor and read the package insert carefully.
Does breast size matter in relation to breastfeeding and milk supply?
No! I have seen Moms with small breasts, produce large amounts of milk. Breast size mainly determines the storage capacity, not milk production.
Women with large breasts usually produce milk at slower rates since they can store a lot of milk, while women with small breasts will produce milk at faster rates in order to meet the requirements of their babies who will drain the breasts faster.
* Use an electric pump instead of a hand pump. Hand pumps are helpful for occasional pumping, but a lot of mothers find it to be arduous (difficult; demanding) and time-consuming if used more than once a day. Use a hospital-grade pump; they work better. Also, buy a hands-free setup for your pump to make things easier for yourself.
* Using hand massage and hand compression while pumping increases milk volume; it also drains the breast better and faster.
* Try pumping every two hours around the clock for a few days to boost supply.
* Pump for at least 20 minutes per session.
* Always pump after your baby is done nursing.
Bottle feeding can be detrimental (harmful; damaging) in the early days of a nursing relationship. By owning your own supplemental feeding device, you can manage how your baby is supplemented after birth.
The most common devices deliver the supplement to the baby via a small, flexible tube that is taped or placed on the mother’s nipple. The baby takes both the tube and the mother’s nipple into the mouth and receives the supplement while nursing at the breast. Read more on this here.
Low milk supply experts state that the time spent nursing or pumping develops mammary gland (milk-giving gland) and nerve tissue, and that this improves chances of breastfeeding the next baby.
By the time the second or third child comes along, most Moms who have had supply issues, are able to fully nurse their babies.
Breastfeeding on demand will increase your chances of a full milk supply.
Sometimes with all these measures taken above, you may still have a low milk supply. Depression, anger and denial are all common reactions to what may come as a blow to the new Mommy. A lactation specialist or postpartum counsellor may be able to help you work through your frustration and depression.
Other Useful Pages on breastfeeding problems in connection with Low Milk Supply:
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Site by BFeeding Mamma, Tracy Behr. Currently studying through Child birth International (CBC, CBD). Also an accomplished author and Mommy of two.